In 1970 UNESCO launched the project
"Man and Biosphere", which aimed to reconcile the mind and the
use of natural resources outlining the current concept of
sustainable development. As part of this project are selected
geographical areas representative of different habitats on the
planet, covering both terrestrial and marine ecosystems and are
known as Biosphere Reserves.
The Biosphere Reserve aims to improve the quality of life of
those living on the island, preserving their cultural heritage,
its rich landscape and natural values.
Cultural values, ethnological,
natural, marine, landscape and geology, and the commitment of
the island of Fuerteventura with renewable energy, water
management, or a responsible fishing, Fuerteventura and have
made much of its seas , creditors of the title of Biosphere
Reserve, a real appreciation for the work of its people for
The peculiarity of its geological features and extensive natural
heritage, emerging from the dryness and the presence of a rich
and diverse marine environment, give a strong personality
Fuerteventura island. This translates into a cultural heritage
rich in customs and traditions, which reflect its buildings,
land use, livestock and fisheries.
Its proximity to Africa defines one of its characteristic
features, its extreme
climate, which is determined as desert and semidesert. This is
specified in an insular environment is well preserved, thanks
largely to natural-climatic conditions and morphological, that
large areas have remained intact against the pressure of man.
The west coast of the island remains a virtually unspoiled
nature along a hundred miles of coastline.
Fuerteventura is also the oldest island of the Canaries, and it
can be observed in situ the events that led to the formation of
the archipelago, to the point of being one of the best
observatories paleontological Macaronesia.
All these features make Fuerteventura a unique area within the
World Network of Biosphere Reserves, a statement that does not
involve the application of new legal concepts or restrictions.
However, they require the support of key institutions and social
organizations, political and scientific, which must work
together to realize the plan of action designed. The implication
of all is needed in implementing the objectives of the MAB
program and the maintenance of this title that distinguishes the
island as a unique, supportive and committed to responsible
Fuerteventura Biosphere Reserve
All Biosphere Reserve must have
appropriate zoning as a management system in 3 main areas, which
mainly differ in the level of conservation is sought in each of
them and therefore in the nature of the activities being allowed
* Core Area:
Conservation and protection of
natural resources, which allow research and monitoring, and all
use that does not involve impairment of the environment or
promote their conservation
Engaging the core zone or next to
her, encourage sustainable development strategies in social,
economic, educational and informative, including tourism and
recreational enjoyment. It can develop pilot activities in order
to improve the production of natural resources, such as
vegetation, crops, fisheries, wildlife, etc.
Wider area of the reserve, where
the degree of human intervention is greater. Although this is
the most flexible, all activities performed therein according to
sustainability criteria. Residents, through administrations,
associations and private sector are invited to collaborate in
the management and sustainable development in the area for the
benefit of its inhabitants.
The declaration of the Biosphere
Reserve of the Fuerteventura is no more pre-existing
restrictions, since their zoning is designed according to the
distribution of other forms of protection previously designated
land and sea under the Canary Network of Protected Natural Areas
or Natura 2000, among others